Why India?

Poverty impacts families and young people in several ways, rendering them vulnerable to exploitation, disease, malnourishment and situations which place them in conflict with the law.

 

In India, poverty impacts health-and education-seeking behaviour negatively, reinforcing gender stereotypes and a culture of inequality and discrimination.

 

Here are the facts:

Poverty

  • 21% of the population lives on less than $1.90 per day1
  • 58% of the population lives on less than $3,10 per day2
  • 17% of urban populations live in slums3

 

Gender inequality and rights

  • Girls are 80% more likely than boys to die before the age of 54
  • Only 1% of girls graduate high school
  • 19% of women between the ages of 15 and 17 are already married5 thus negatively impacting their health and life opportunities
  • 50% of children have faced some form of physical, emotional or sexual abuse before the age of 18

 

Education

  • 72% children of primary-school age attend primary school while only 51% children of secondary-school age attend secondary school2
  • As a result, only 29% of young women and 38% of young men complete 10 or more years of education

 

Poor health

  • 2 million Indian children die every year as a result of serious malnutrition and preventable diseases6 - this equates to 4 children every minute
  • 40% of children are underweight, 60% are "chronically malnourished"7
  • Mothers without an education are much more likely to have malnourished children: 45% of children with illiterate mothers are underweight, 63% are "chronically malnourished"8

 

Unemployment

  • 31% of the population is under 15 and 80% of young people entering the workplace have no vocational training8

 


 

1. The World Bank Open Data
2. The World Bank Open Data
3. 2011 Census of India
4. UNICEF Data: Monitoring the Situation of Children and Women - Sex-specific under-five mortality rate
5. A Profile of Youth in India, NFHS 3 (2005-06)
6. Ministry of Women and Child Development: "Study on Child Abuse India 2007"
7. Naandi Foundation's HUNGaMA survey report 2011
8. Ibid.

 

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